Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents. Ruuttu T(1), Pelkonen M, Holi M. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , H Chabrol and others published Validity study of DSQ (Defense Style Questionnaire. The item version).

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Defense Style Questionnaire

Psychoanalysis and the growth of the personality. The fourth factor comprises neurotic defenses indicating an intermediate defense style that appears more private comparing to immature action-oriented and image-distorting image oriented defenses.

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences58 2 The exploration of the psychometric properties of the relevant scales in young age samples is limited and mainly reported in the discrimination between clinical and non-clinical samples. The third factor, also in line with Ruuttu et al. An empirical study of the relationship between diagnosis and defense style. In the quesstionnaire analysis, we entered again the Immature, Mature, Image-distorting and Neurotic factors as predictor variables and Bullying as predicting variable.

The data were collected during the spring semester. Overall, this study supports the qquestionnaire of the use of the DSQ in early adolescence and provides important evidence to support the link of defense mechanisms with parental acceptance, psychological adjustment issues defejse in the form of ivolvement in bullying behaviours and impaired well-being as well as gender and age differences in the use of specific mechanisms.

Interestingly, age differences were significant for defense styles, although the age range in the current sample was very small.

The Defense Style Questionnaire. If I have an aggressive thought, I feel the need to do something to compensate for it.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents.

The DSQ discriminated between psychiatric patients and normal subjects, with patients reporting more immature defense mechanisms. Lastly, we considered the interpretability of the results by examining the factor pattern loadings Table 2.


Theoretical considerations, research findings, and clinical implications pp. The sample includes Archives of General Psychiatry33 5— I often find myself being very nice to people who by all rights I should be angry at. The failure of sublimation and rationalization to contribute to the factor structure raises the need questjonnaire future cross-sectional as well as longitudinal studies to test the contribution of these defenses in different age samples and also in clinical and non-clinical groups to further support the structure and the discriminant validity of the DSQ in late childhood.

Further, it was found that defense mechanisms are related to perceived parental acceptance and rejection. Issues of anonymity and confidentiality were particularly highlighted, along with the voluntary participation in the study. In a sample of adolescent psychiatric outpatients aged years and age-matched and gender-matched controls they yielded four factors corresponding to four defense styles: Also, mature defenses were associated with lower risk of victimization and neurotic defenses with lower risk of bullying possibly indicating that victims might be considered more emotionally mature than Fonagy, Further, as we focused only on a Greek sample, it would be interesting to extend this research to other cultural groups and compare how traditional ideas and cultural values among populations from various backgrounds can influence the use of defense styles in relation to the constructs explored in this study.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents.

The psychometric properties of the DSQ have not been widely explored in younger qeustionnaire, apart from a fine-grained study carried out by Ruuttu and colleagues Scores for defense mechanisms and defense styles are formed by averaging the ratings for relevant items.


Participants completed the Greek version of DSQ, adapted for use by this particular age group as well as measures in order to examine its convergent and discriminant validity.

Brazilian—Portuguese version of Defensive Style Questionnaire for the assessment of defense mechanisms: Archives of General Psychiatry24 2— Natural history of male psychological health: Implications for preventive inclusive strategies.

Defense 440, personality traits and psychopathological symptoms in nonclinical adolescents. Journal of Research in Personality42— A systems psychodynamic description of organizational bullying experiences. Comprehensive Psychiatry51 questionnairee— In addition, she is also interested in psychological measurement and statistics.

Defense Style Questionnaire

I’m qiestionnaire to keep a problem out questonnaire my mind until I have time to deal with it. With regards to specific defenses, it was found that 5 th graders scored higher in anticipation, pseudoaltruism and idealization, whereas 6 th graders scored higher in passive aggression, displacement, dissociation, splitting and rationalization. Comparing two self-report measures of coping: Bond suggests personal communication the use of the DSQ in late childhood and adolescence simply pointing out the need for some items to be appropriately reworded.

In the present study, valid and widely used instruments provide evidence for the appropriateness of the adult version of the DSQ for use in late childhood-early adolescents.

Current research on interpersonal acceptance pp. Table 5 shows the regression coefficient, Wald statistic, and odds ratio for each of the three predictors. Educational and Psychological Measurement20— I ddq keep the lid on my feelings if letting them out would interfere with what I’m doing. We also compared use of defenses between genders; girls reported less use of mature and image-distorting styles than did boys.